An East Pakistani political party established to campaign for greater freedom from West Pakistan
Name given by Bangladeshi nationalists to Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
The majority language within East Pakistan
Urdu speaking Bengalis who originated from Bihar in 1947 to avoid the violence of Partition. Many of them were seen to be close to the ‘West Pakistani’ forces – and collaborators / supporters of their violence towards Bangladeshi nationalists. However they also faced violence from Bangladeshi nationalists who believed them to be an ‘enemy within’.
East Pakistani urdu speakers – most of whom wanted West and East Pakistan to stay unified.
A war heroine’ – the name given to women who experienced sexual assault as part of the 1971 genocide and war
Stood by and did nothing to help either the perpetrators or their victims
Helped and facilitated the genocide
The name given to ‘East Bengal’, that was given to Pakistan upon Partition. Today it is called Bangladesh.
factual moments that occurred in the past.
General Yayha Khan
Leader of the West Pakistan military and organiser of Operation Searchlight.
the deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular nation or ethnic group
A large minority of ‘East Pakistanis’ were Hindu – and faced particular discrimination from the West Pakistani ruling class. More than 60% of the Bengali refugees who fled to India were Hindus
A sizeable part of East Pakistan. They were targeted specifically because of their religion (and perceived disloyalty) by West Pakistani forces.
Freedom from being governed or ruled by another country
the ways in which events have been viewed and described
The new capital of Pakistan – established as the capital in 1967
A residential building for the university in Dhaka that was the site of an infamous attack at the beginning of Operation Searchlight
a salutation, slogan, and war cry used by Bangladeshi nationlists during 1971 and after
Still is the largest city and economic city in Pakistan, It was the capital city until Islamabad took its place in 1967
East Pakistani ‘militias’ – translated as ‘Freedom Fighters’ – who fought for independence from West Pakistan
Liberation War of 1971 in Bengali
West Pakistani operation in East Pakistan that killed hundreds of thousands
voices and memories of people, communities, and participants in past events.
alongside local politicians, partitioned the continent into two countries – Pakistan and India
Planned and carried out the programme of mass murder
The Razakar force was composed of mostly anti-Bangladesh and pro-Pakistan Bengalis and Urdu-speaking migrants who lived in Bangladesh at the time. Since the 1971 war, it has become a pejorative term (implying traitor) in Bangladesh due to the numerous atrocities committed by the Razakars during the War.
Rescuers and Resisters
Risked their lives to rescue victims and/or to resist the Genocide.
Corrupt ‘National Security Forces’ in post 1971 Bangladesh
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
The leader of the Awami League in 1971, he became the first President of Bangladesh upon Independence
another term for the Government of a country
The official language enforced upon both East and West Pakistan upon its creation.
A region of India that was established upon Partition. It shares many similarities with East Bengal – which was ‘East Pakistan’ until 1971 when it became Bangladesh.
Most of the power and wealth of Pakistan was concentrated here. Today it is just called Pakistan.