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- As the ‘age of Discovery’ developed – England began to expand in the world and colonise places.
- In the 1600s, religious English people (known as Puritans) arrived in America and began to take over the land (colonise) from ‘Native Americans’ who lived there. They called it Virginia.
- The impact of European invasion of the Americas was terrible for the Native Americans and some estimates say that over 90% of them died.
- In one of the wars fought between the English ‘settlers’ and the Native Americans – in 1614 –peace was eventually agreed between the Powhatans (a Native American nation) and the English colonists.
- As a symbol of this peace, colonist John Rolfe married the daughter of the Powhatan chief, Pocahontas, who had been kidnapped (stolen and imprisoned) by the English settlers for this purpose.
- Pocahontas was forced to convert to Christianity and even travelled to England where she met the Bishop of London and possibly even King James I.
- John Chamberlain, one of King James I’s courtiers (advisers), saw the engraving of her and wrote that it was ‘a fine picture but of no fair lady’.