Glossary

What can we make the traces of ‘migrant stories’ reveal about the history of the British Isles over a thousand years?

The following is a list of key words that emerge in the Year 7 Enquiry – What can the traces of ‘migrant stories’ reveal about the history of the British Isles over a thousand years?

Essential Words

Infer

To work something out by thinking logically rather than from being told the answer.

Traces / Sources

Items left behind in the past. These can be almost anything and are rarely left behind on purpose for future generations to find. Examples range from written records, diaries, poems, registries and even buildings, films and songs.

Evidence

Evidence is what historians – when making inferences – can transform sources/traces of the past in to.

Key Words

Age of Discovery

The period in which many Europeans sailed across the world to ‘discover’ places they’d never been to before. These lands usually had other people living there.

Anglo-Saxons

a group of people who invaded and settled on the British Isles and came from what is now Germany c. 400AD.

Catholic

The religion for the majority of those living on the British Isles until the 1500s.

Celts

a group of people that lived in Scotland, Ireland, Wales and Corwnall as well as lots of other parts of Europe by 1000 AD

Christianity

a religion shared by lots of different nations across Europe by 1000 AD

Christianity

The religion for the majority of those living on the British Isles for at least the last millennium.

Colonise

The process of taking over control of another land.

Deportation

a modern term for ‘exile’ – forcing (someone) to leave a place.

Empire

a series of countries ruled over by one country – for example the British Empire.

Expelled / Exiled

to force (someone) to leave a place.

Heptarchy

Seven different kingdoms on the British Isles up to 800AD that were often at war with one another

Invasion

to enter somewhere by force

Invasion

to attack and take control of land.

Kidnap

to abduct (someone) and hold them captive

Migrate

to move to a new place. We call these people migrants.

Protestant

The religion for the majority of those living on the British Isles since the 1600s.

Raid

sudden attack on the enemy, usually followed by a retreat.

Reformation

The process from which the majority of those living on the British Isles turned from Catholic to Protestant.

Transatlantic Slavery

the kidnapping and transporting of people from West Africa to work, without pay, in North, Central and South America.

Transportation

an alternative punishment to hanging. Convicted criminals were transported to Australia to serve their prison sentences.

Viking

‘Norse’ people from Scandinavia (in present-day Denmark, Norway and Sweden) between the 8th and 11th centuries